Project Management: Process & Tools
In the past few decades, organizations have discovered something incredible: principles that have been used to create enormous successes in large projects can be applied to projects of any size to create amazing success. As a result, many employees are expected to understand project management techniques and how to apply them to projects of any size.
This book will give you an overview of the entire project management process, as well as key project management tools that you can use every day.
To help you decide if this is the right book for you we have provided the table of contents followed by a short preview/passage from the book.
Before we get started, let’s make sure we all understand just what we mean by a project and by project management. We’ll also look at what a project manager’s role is.
A project is a limited endeavor (meaning it has specific start and finish dates) that is undertaken to meet particular goals and objectives. Projects are different than processes or everyday operations, which are repetitive, permanent, or semi-permanent functional work taken on to produce products or services.
All successful projects share the following characteristics:
· Clear goals
· Defined ownership/responsibility
· Dedicated team
· Defined methodology
· Controlled execution
· Completion evaluated based on original plan
· Linked to business objectives
· Supported by an organization’s management team
Project management is the combined art and science of planning, organizing, and managing resources to get a particular project done on time, within budget, and with the results that the organization set out to achieve.
There are many types of project management designed for different scenarios and different industries. This book will focus on the traditional method, used by the Project Management Institute, which follows five process groups. (See Module Three for more information.)
A project manager is the person responsible and accountable for accomplishing the stated project objectives. Key project management responsibilities include creating clear and attainable project objectives, building the project requirements, and managing the triple constraint for projects.
The project manager is often required to perform a juggling act, balancing what the customer wants, and needs with what the team can provide in a particular time frame and with a particular budget. A successful project manager has a hodgepodge of skills and continues learning.
Key skills include:
· Influence and persuasion
· Project management
· Time management
· Stress and anger management
Although you do need project management skills to be a project manager, you don’t need to be a project manager to use project management skills. You will find uses for most of these tools in your day-to-day life, both personal and professional.